βαίνω

βαίνω
Grammatical information: v.
Meaning: `go' (Il.).
Other forms: Only present stem. Other presents: 1. βάσκω, mostly as ipv. βάσκε, -τε (Il.; s. below); 2. βιβάσκω (Il.), mostly causative ; 3. βίβημι (βίβᾱμι), -άω (to ἔβην, s. below) in βιβάς, βιβῶν, βιβᾳ̃ `stride' (Chantraine Gramm. hom. 1, 300); 4. βιβάζω (posthom.) causative; 5. βιβάσθων in μακρὰ β. (Il.), metrical lengthening of βιβάς at verse end (Chantraine Gramm. hom. 1, 327, Shipp Studies 39).
Compounds: Many compounds: ἀνα-, ἀπο-, ἐκ-, ἐμ-βαίνω usw.
Derivatives: 1. βάσις `step, base' (Pi., in comp. Il.) = Skt. gáti- (below). 2. βατήρ, -ῆρος m. `threshold, basis' (Amips., inscr. etc.). 3. -βάτης, -ου m. from comp.: ἀνα-, ἀπο-, ἐμ-βάτης etc. (Il.), also with nominal first element, e. g. στυλο-βά-της; 4. -βατος from comp. : ἀνα- (ἀμ-)βατός etc. (Il.); βατός as simplex (rarely) `accessible' (X.); s. Chantr. Form. 302ff. From -βάτης and -βατος abstracta in -σία, ὑπερβασία `transgression' (Il.); denomin. in -εύω and -έω, ἐμβατεύω etc. 5. -βάς, -άδος f. in ἐμβαδές. From here (?) adv. βάδην `step by step'. 6. βάθρον `basis, seat' etc. (Ion.-Att.), βάθρᾱ. 7. βαθμός and βασμός m. `step, basis' etc. (hell.; βαθμίς f. Pi.). Not here βαμβαίνων, q. v. From the root βη-: βῆμα, βᾶμα n. `step' etc. (h. Merc. etc.; = Av. gāman- n. `step') ; further βηλός (βᾱλός) m. `threshold' (Il.), βηλά n. pl. = πέδιλα (Panyas.); s. Chantr. Form. 240. Also -βήτης, -ου m. in ἐμπυριβή-της (τρίπους) `standing over the fire' (Ψ 702); on διαβή-της s.s.v. `circle etc.' (Ar.) s. Fraenkel Nom. ag. 1, 33f.; cf. also ἀμφισβητέω.
Origin: IE [Indo-European] [463] *gʷem- `go'
Etymology: A jot present \< *βάν-ι̯ω \< *βάμ-ι̯ω \< gʷm̥-i̯ō, βά-σκω \< *gʷm̥- from the root *gʷem-. The non-present forms were made from the root βη- (βᾱ-) \< *gʷeh₂-: ἔβην, βήσομαι (factitive ἔβησα, βήσω after ἔστησα, στήσω), βέβηκα (Il.). The present βαίνω is identical with Lat. venio (on `go' and `come' s. Porzig Satzinhalte 330f.); the sḱ-present βάσκε in Skt.. gácchati \< *gʷm̥-ske-ti `he goes'. The full grade in Goth. qiman `come', Skt. á-gam-am `I went' (aor.). Here also ἐβάθη ἐγεννήθη H.? for which one compares Lith. gìmstu `be born', if -stu \< *-sḱō (Leumann IF 58, 120)? - With βάσις cf. Skt. gáti-, Lat. con-ventio, and Germ., e.g. Goth. ga-qumÞs. Also -βατος = Skt. (-)gata-, Lat. -ventus. With βίβημι cf. Skt. jígāti `he goes. The aor. ἔβην agrees exactly with Skt. á-gā-m `he went'; das noun βῆμα agrees with Av. gā-man- n. `step, pace'. - With the roots guem- and guā- cf. *drem- (s. ἔδραμον), drā- (s. ἀποδιδράσκω), with related meaning. Cf. βέβαιος, βέβηλος, βωμός, βαστάζω, βητάρμων.
Page in Frisk: 1,209-210

Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό). . 2010.

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  • βαῖνον — βαίνω walk pres part act masc voc sg βαίνω walk pres part act neut nom/voc/acc sg βαίνω walk imperf ind act 3rd pl (homeric ionic) βαίνω walk imperf ind act 1st sg (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • βαίνετον — βαίνω walk pres imperat act 2nd dual βαίνω walk pres ind act 3rd dual βαίνω walk pres ind act 2nd dual βαίνω walk imperf ind act 2nd dual (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ἔβαν — βαίνω walk aor ind act 3rd pl (epic) ἔβᾱν , βαίνω walk aor ind act 3rd pl (doric) βαίνω walk aor ind act 1st sg (epic) ἔβᾱν , βαίνω walk aor ind act 1st sg (doric) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • βαίνετε — βαίνω walk pres imperat act 2nd pl βαίνω walk pres ind act 2nd pl βαίνω walk imperf ind act 2nd pl (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • βαίνῃ — βαίνω walk pres subj mp 2nd sg βαίνω walk pres ind mp 2nd sg βαίνω walk pres subj act 3rd sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • βάν — βαίνω walk aor part act neut nom/voc/acc sg βαίνω walk aor ind act 3rd pl (epic) βαίνω walk aor ind act 1st sg (epic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • βῆσαν — βαίνω walk aor part act neut nom/voc/acc sg βαίνω walk aor ind act 3rd pl (homeric ionic) βαίνω walk aor ind act 3rd pl (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • βῆσον — βαίνω walk aor imperat act 2nd sg βαίνω walk fut part act masc voc sg βαίνω walk fut part act neut nom/voc/acc sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

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